The Miró Museum and the Fundació Joan Miró The foundation Fundació Joan Miró was initiated by the artist Joan Miró himself and the same year, the museum was opened on June 10th in 1975. Joan Miró was a famous Spanish painter, who was born on April 20, 1893.As a person born on this date, Joan Miró is listed in our database as the 20th most popular celebrity for the day (April 20) and the 6th most popular for the year (1893). Painting merely serves as a cloak for their emaciated philosophical systems.”. In 1924 Joan Miro became one of the Surrealists. One of the most influential Catalan­-born artists of the 20th century, Joan Miró (1893-­1983) came from a long line of hardworking craftsmen before eventually becoming one himself. Returning home with postcards, he created his own interpretations of the old master works, transmuting traditional elements into an ambiguous biomorphic fantasia. If you interested in learning more about one of Spain’s greatest artists, we present these five incredible facts that you may not know about Joan Miró. Shortly after moving to Paris in 1920, Miró befriended André Breton, Max Ernst, Jean Arp, André Masson … His work is also considered a precursor to Abstract Expressionism thus making him an essential part of the two most dominant art movements of the twentieth century. Ernest wasn’t the only one captivated by Miró’s masterpiece. Maybe this was just the push that Miró needed to pursue his dreams elsewhere. Joan Miró, New York, NY. As a struggling young artist living in Paris in the mid-1920s, Miró described “hallucinations of hunger” giving rise to opaque shapes and delicate linear forms on open fields of blue. The foundation, located on the mountain of Montjuïc, became a repository for much of Miró’s work, and continues to honor the artist and his legacy. He was friends with Pablo Picasso ; introduced via their mothers. La Masía is a view of his parents’ farm in Mont-riog del Camp, a village near Tarragona in Catalonia. [ editar datos en Wikidata ] Joan Miró i Ferrà (Barcelona, 20 de abril de 1893 - Palma de Mallorca, 25 de diciembre de 1993) fue un pintor, escultor, grabador y ceramista español, considerado uno de los máximos representantes del surrealismo. Other works are presents from his wife Pilar Juncosa, Joan Prats und Kazumasa Katsutas. Joan Miro was active in some art communities. 02-ago-2020 - Explora el tablero de Silvia "Cuadros de miro" en Pinterest. Joan Miró was born the first son of Michel Miró Adziras and Dolores Ferra on April 20, 1893, in Montroig near Barcelona, Spain. The collages, sculptures, tapestries and abstract paintings created by Joan Miró were bright, fantastical and reminiscent of cave paintings. Signé. The son in question happened to be Pablo Picasso, and the mother’s reply was for him to bring Picasso cake. At the outset of World War II, Miró and his family were living in Normandy, having left Paris in 1939. Miró admired an artist with a similar Spanish background, but he did not reach out to him until he moved to Paris in 1920. Today, the museum’s Espai 13 is dedicated to exhibiting the work of emerging artists; the permanent collection includes numerous pieces by Miró, as well as works by Alexander Calder, Mark Rothko and René Magritte. Miró was incredibly prolific. Joan Miró (20 April 1893 – 25 December 1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor and ceramicist. The ballet— considered bourgeois by Bréton and other die-hard Surrealists— was met with protest when it opened in Paris. He used anything he could find to apply paint to his surface. 13K likes. Joan Miró was born on April 20, 1893, in Montroig, near Barcelona, Spain. Miró’s parents gave him the same advice many parents still give to their children these days: being an artist does not guarantee an easy living. The oldest son of Michel Miró Adziras and Dolores Ferra, who were both artists. He said that he worked like a gardener on his art, and at age 82 he could still be found in his atelier, ploughing, digging, perforating, watering and even scorching. Nacido en Barcelona, su padre era orfebre y relojero y su madre era hija de un ebanista de Palma de Mallorca. The story goes that Hemingway had to win the right to purchase the piece by rolling dice with one of his friends. Thus, at age 14, he enrolled in business school (concurrently studying art at La Lonja’s Escuela Superior de Artes Industriales y Bellas Artes). Unable to return to Barcelona, Miró found himself “paralyzed by the general feeling of terror,” and described feeling “uprooted and nostalgic for my country.” While he had previously avoided explicitly political themes in his work, this tumultuous period revealed his support for Spain’s Republican government and opposition to Franco. In 1907 he attended the Lonja School of Fine Arts in Barcelona where he received enc… Inspired by Cubist and surrealist exhibitions from abroad, Miró began his career as an accountant, abandoning the business world completely for art after suffering a … Learn about Joan Miró: his birthday, what he did before fame, his family life, fun trivia facts, popularity rankings, and more. Joan Miró, (born April 20, 1893, Barcelona, Spain—died December 25, 1983, Palma, Majorca), Catalan painter who combined abstract art with Surrealist fantasy. Zoë Vanderweide is a freelance writer for Sotheby's. He came from a long line of hardworking craftsmen, and his father also worked as a goldsmith and a watchmaker. Joan Miro was also working with ballet companies in creating the sets as well as the costumes for their productions. Gallery owner José Dalmau was an early supporter of the young artist, giving Miró his first solo show in 1918. When Miró died in 1983 at the age of 90, he was remembered in his New York Times obituary as having left an “ineffaceable mark upon his century.”. The Parc de Joan Miró now uses the area of a park to the former slaughterhouse, the Parc de l'Escorxador. This is the lower part of the park, where is the clear-ambiguous sculpture by Joan Miró. When he was about 17, Miró atten… Miro showed artistic promise from a young age. Even his grandfathers were craftsmen, which was a lucky thing because Miró really loved art. Joan Miro, The Morning Star (from Constellations), 1940, Fundacio Joan Miro, Barcelona Between 1940 and 1941, Miro created the twenty-three gouache series Constellations . Known for his work in the Surrealism art movement and for being a forefather of the Abstract Expressionism art movement, Joan Miro is considered a revolutionary painter. The series, exhibited in New York in 1945, were among the first artistic documents from Europe to reach America after the war. about Joan Miro. A few years later, it would be his teacher who would encourage him to join Lonja School of Fine Arts in Barcelona. Hi… Miró kept untiringly creating new styles and new pieces of art. Both his parents were goldsmiths and his dad was a watchmaker. A museum dedicated to his work, the Fundación Joan Miró, was opened in Barcelona in 1975. The fact that I come down to Earth from time to time makes it possible to jump all the higher.” His artwork in the beginning was small, and critics didn’t pay too much attention to it. One of the most influential Catalan­-born artists of the 20th century, Joan Miró (1893-­1983) came from a long line of hardworking craftsmen before eventually becoming one himself. Modest, introverted and hardworking, Miró evoked nothing of the bohemian artist in his outward presentation. His work is widely regarded as one of the most important precursors to Abstract Expressionism and Color Field painting, influencing Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Robert Motherwell, Arshile Gorky, Roberto Matta and Jules Olitski. His mature style evolved from the tension between his fanciful, poetic impulse and his vision of the harshness of modern life. Born in Barcelona, his father was a silversmith and watchmaker and his mother the daughter of a cabinet maker from Palma the Mallorca. A common myth around the story of the Impressionist pointers was that they executed their work entirely en plein air. 3. When asked about the time if took him to produce the works, he replied sharply: ‘Yes, it took me just a moment to draw this line with the brush. You can unsubscribe from Sotheby’s emails at any time by clicking the “Manage your Subscriptions” link in any of your emails. But Miró had another and maybe even more important reason for his move. 1. The unmistakable style Miró had obtained by the 1960s might have lead some to believe that his art could have been created in minutes. However, Miró’s paintings show movement, and each section tells a little story. In 1940, Miró and his wife and daughter fled to Spain, the paintings rolled under his arm. Coming of age during the Catalan Independence movement, politics and questions of national identity were inescapable. 4. 10 Interesting Facts about Joan Miro 1) Joan Miro's artwork was inspire by Cezanne and van Gogh , and he felt drawn to the Cubist and Surrealist artists who were working in Paris. 0. However, his primary aim in establishing the museum was to promote the work of young experimental artists. No one else has been able to paint these two very opposing things.” One of his first paintings to celebrate his Catalan identity, Miró’s depiction of his family farm in Mont-roig is remarkable for its unique amalgamation of carefully observed realist detail within the abstracted spatial vocabulary of Cubism. Two years before his trip to Paris, Miró displayed his work at his first solo exhibition at the Dalmau Gallery in Barcelona, where the Catalan critics and public ridiculed his work. In the post-war period, Miró cemented his status as one of the most important artistic voices of the 20th century. (Barcelona, 1893 - Palma, 1983) Joan Miró nace en Barcelona en 1893, pero sus paisajes emocionales, los que lo formarán como persona y artista, son esencialmente Mont-roig, París, Mallorca y más adelante Nueva York y Japón. We and our partners use cookies to better understand your needs, improve performance and provide you with personalised content and advertisements. Joan Miró was a man of his word. His father, Miquel Miró Adzerias, had been a craftsman himself and knew of the difficulties. The extraordinary image, featuring the rich ultramarine blue emblematic of his ‘dream paintings,’ represents a high point of the artist’s early career. Habitually clad in dark business suits, he was known to be taciturn and disciplined, with his friend and biographer Jacques Dupin remarking on his ability to conduct a life “utterly free of disorder or excess.”. Joan Miró i Ferrà (Barcelona, 20 de abril de 1893-Palma de Mallorca, 25 de diciembre de 1983) fue un pintor, escultor, grabador y ceramista español, considerado uno de los máximos representantes del surrealismo.En su obra reflejó su interés en el subconsciente, en lo «infantil» y en la … He became part of the Lost Generation, a group of young men and women who felt disillusioned with the curious post-war world they lived in. There are squiggles, strange animals and a fish lying on a table. Before his trip, he visited one of his mother’s friends and asked her if he could bring something for her son, who was stealing the show as an artist in Paris. She is my guardian angel.”. After making a tapestry for the hospital that took care of his daughter after an accident she was involved in, he finally found the courage and inspiration to team up with Josep Royo and create the World Trade Center Tapestry. Joan Miró i Ferrà, April 20, 1893, Barcelona - December 25, 1983, Palma de Mallorca) - Catalan artist, sculptor, graphic artist, one of the most significant innovators and experimenters of contemporary art. Joan Miro was an internationally renowned Spanish Catalan artist of the 20th century who was among the earliest painters involved in the art movement Surrealism. Realizing that he was not cut out for this type of work, he decided to follow his heart and dedicate his life to art – in 1912 he joined the Gali Art Academy in Barcelona. 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