[11] The traditional and de facto gateway of South India, Chennai is among the most-visited Indian cities by foreign tourists. The agitations of the 1960s played a crucial role in the defeat of the Tamil Nadu Congress party in the 1967 elections and the continuing dominance of Dravidian parties in Tamil Nadu politics. Urbanization has led to shrinkage of water bodies and wetlands. Historical population; Year Pop. [413] Automobile racing in India has been closely connected with Chennai since its beginnings shortly after independence. According to the Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation Limited (TANGEDCO), as of 2013[update], the city consumes about 20 percent of the electricity in the state of Tamil Nadu. The Chennai suburban police had about 4,093 police personnel and a ratio of 1:1,222. [279] Medical tourism is an important part of Chennai's economy with 45 percent of total medical tourists to India making to Chennai. India Finance", "The quality of air you breathe in Chennai is worse than in Delhi", "Chennai's air quality takes a turn for the worse", "Growing expat community favour cluster accommodation [sic]", "India Today Best City Awards 2014: Chennai bags top honour", "Chennai named 9th best cosmopolitan city in the world", "Chennai is now part of UNESCO's 'creative cities network, "Meet the Smart Cities: Bhubaneswar, Pune, Jaipur top the list", "Origin And Foundation of Madras | TLPMS", "In India's name game, cities are the big losers", "Road workers stumble upon ancient grinding stone in Pallavaram", "Chennai Coins-the Vijayanagara Connection", "South India Under The Vijayanagar Empire Vol. [364] Phase I of the Chennai Metro network consists of the Blue Line and the Green Line covering a length of 45.1 kilometres (28.0 mi) consisting of 40 stations with Alandur and Chennai Central serving as interchanges. [302] In 2010, Chennai had the fourth highest number of active Internet users in India, with 2.2 million users. The financial district is also located here. [238], The city has a diverse theatre scene and is one of the important centres for Bharata Natyam, a classical dance form that originated in Tamil Nadu and is the oldest dance of India. 55% of the corridors in Phase I are underground and the rest are elevated. 228-cr. Sir Arthur Lawley, Eloquent Knight Errant, Chapter 6. What was the Standard and Poors 500 index on December 31 2007? Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. [167] Electricity is distributed by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board. Find the necessary contact information such as names, departments and email id. Avit (Russian: Ави́т) is a Russian male first name. [138][139][140], As of 2011[update] (prior to the expansion of Chennai Corporation area), Chennai city has a sanctioned strength of 14,000 police personnel. The best examples of this style include the Madras High Court (built in 1892), Southern Railway headquarters, Ripon Building, Government Museum, Senate House of the University of Madras, Amir Mahal, Bharat Insurance Building, Victoria Public Hall and the College of Engineering. Marko Mecilije Flavije Eparhije Avit (oko 395 — 456) je bio uzurpator koji uz pomoć Vizigota postaje car Zapadnog rimskog carstva.Njegova kratka vladavina će trajati od 455. do 456. godine.. Avit je postao magister militum u vreme cara Petronija Maksima.Kada je vandalski kralj Gejzerik napao Rim, nalazio se u diplomatskoj … [59] Post independence the fort housed the Tamil Nadu Assembly until the new Secretariat building was opened in 2010, but shortly afterwards it was again moved back to Fort St. George, due to a change in the Government. This video is unavailable. [39] British military mapmakers believed Madras was originally Mundir-raj or Mundiraj, which was the name of a Telugu community, Mudiraj, who were the native inhabitants of the city. [113] Chennai has a water table at 2 metres for 60 percent of the year.[114]. [88] Clay underlies most of the city, chiefly Manali, Kolathur, Maduravoyal, K. K. Nagar, Tambaram, Mudichur, Pallavaram Semmencherry, Alapakkam, Vyasarpadi and Anna Nagar. [61] They resisted a French siege attempt in 1759 under the leadership of Eyre Coote. The Anti-Hindi agitations in mid-1960s made the DMK more popular and more powerful political force in the state. [374] It is the main intercity bus station of Chennai,[375] administered by seven government-owned transport corporations, which operate intercity and interstate bus services. Sandy areas are found along the river banks and coasts, and include areas such as Tiruvottiyur, George Town, Madhavaram, New Washermanpet, Chepauk, Mylapore, Porur, Adyar, Besant Nagar and Uthandi. [284] The city is the third largest market in India for luxury cars. [226], Chennai is home to many museums, galleries, and other institutions, many of which are free of admission charges and are major tourist attractions as well as playing a research role. Stone age implements have been found near Pallavaram in Chennai. Cyclones and depressions are common features during the season. David John Hussey (born 15 July 1977) is an Australian cricket coach and former cricketer.Hussey is a right-handed batsman and can also bowl right-arm offbreaks.He is the younger brother of former Australian cricketer Michael Hussey.He was captain of the Melbourne Stars in the Big Bash League Avid Hotels' logo was the first of the group to carry IHG's master brand mark ("An IHG Hotel"). They also defeated several kingdoms including the Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas who ruled over the area before their arrival. From the 1930s onwards, many buildings in George Town were built in this style, including the United India building (presently housing LIC) and the Burma Shell building (presently the Chennai House), both built in the 1930s, and the Dare House, built in 1940. lost 41% shoreline to erosion: study", "Disaster body for panel to monitor highrises in Chennai", "Rare grey headed Lapwings spotted at Pallikaranai marsh", "Wildlife centre at Vandalur zoo replaces safari", "Indigenous flora in city wetlands under threat", "Muck in Chennai rivers to turn into manure", "More citizens initiative for restoring water bodies", "Water security mission to watch out for city's needs", "Hot spell may continue for some more weeks in the State", "Ever Recorded Maximum Temperature, Minimum Temperature and 24 Hours Heaviest Rainfall up to 2010", "Indian Meteorological Department, Chennai Regional Website", "Entering 2006, city's reservoirs filled to the brim", "Station: Chennai (Nungambakkam) Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Table 3 Monthly mean duration of Sun Shine (hours) at different locations in India", "NE monsoon sets in, brings in copious rains", "A Rs. After Independence, the city witnessed a rise in the Modernism style of architecture. [50], The Portuguese first arrived in 1522 and built a port called São Tomé after the Christian apostle, St. Thomas, who is believed to have preached in the area between 52 and 70 CE. [62] In 1769 the city was threatened by Mysore and the British were defeated by Hyder Ali, after which the Treaty of Madras ended the war. Chennai Book Fair, an annual book fair organised in Chennai by the Booksellers and Publishers Association of South India (BAPASI), is the largest exhibition for Tamil book publishers to display their books. Duraisamy. Chennai has sister city relationships with the following cities of the world: "Madras" redirects here. [247], Prominent financial institutions, including the World Bank, Standard Chartered Bank, ABN AMRO, Bank of America, The Royal Bank of Scotland, Goldman Sachs, Barclays, HSBC, ING Group, Allianz, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank, Asian Development Bank, Credit Suisse, BNP Paribas Fortis, Irevna, Deutsche Bank and Citibank have back office and development centre operations in the city. [99] Nearly half of the native plant species in the city's wetlands have disappeared in recent years. [92], Chennai is classified as being in Seismic Zone III, indicating a moderate risk of damage from earthquakes. ", "Mall activity picks up in Chennai IT hubs", "T.Nagar: Shop till you drop, and then shop some more", "Mumbai records maximum growth in retail rent globally", "Traffic Statistics – Aircraft Movements", "Annexure-IIIA Traffic Statistics – International Passengers", "New greenfield airport to be set up near Chennai", "Central station to shut down on December 13", "3 Corridors in Chennai Metro Rail May be Extended by 35 km", "104 km, 104 stations: Unveiling Phase II of Metro", "Chennai Metro ridership reaches peak in April", "9-km north Chennai metro line may open by June 2020", "Several arterial stretches in Chennai are prone to accidents", "GIS database for Chennai city roads and strategies for improvement", "MTC website to help keep track of buses", "Great demand for better public transport", "Koyambedu bus terminus gets ISO certification", "Clogged way to filthy Koyambedu bus terminus", "Jayalalithaa inaugurates Kattupalli port", "Shipyard Cum Captive Port Complex in the Kattupalli Village", "Rajasthan Patrika to launch Chennai edition", "Chennai's First Corporate Leisure Newspaper", "Arasu Cable to launch operations from September 2", "Dish TV launches 'One Alliance' bouquet", "DTH companies come up with offers for World Cup", "Conditional Access System in South Delhi from December 15", World Radio TV Handbook 2007: The Directory of International Broadcasting, "City home to some of the best educational institutions in India", "Indian metro cities with the highest literacy rates | Photo Gallery – Yahoo! For example, in 2007 a major cyclone named "Cyclone Sidr" skipped Chennai and headed towards Bangladesh. Chennai was the venue of the 1995 South Asian Games. How do you put grass into a personification? [154] The city receives 530 million liters per day (mld) of water from Krishna River through Telugu Ganga project, 180 mld of water from the Veeranam lake project[153] and 100 mld of water from the Minjur desalination plant, the country's largest sea water desalination plant. [161] The corporation also owns 52 community halls across the city. However, this situation was eradicated by the end of 2014. [12] As of 2012[update], the city had 21 luxury hotels in the five-star category, with over 4,500 rooms in the inventory. [27], The name Chennai is of Telugu origin. [68][69] In the First World War as Red Cross Commissioner in Mesopotamia, he looked after the welfare of Indian soldiers. After independence, the city hosted the Congress in 1955 in its suburb of Avadi.[148]. Awita.. Według danych na rok 1990 gminę zamieszkiwało 212 osób, a gęstość zaludnienia wynosiła 24 osoby/km² (wśród 2880 gmin regionu Rodan-Alpy Saint-Avit plasuje się na … [60], In 1746, Fort St. George and Madras were captured by the French under General La Bourdonnais, the Governor of Mauritius, who plundered the town and its outlying villages. [83] Adyar and Cooum rivers are heavily polluted with effluents and waste from domestic and commercial sources, the Coumm being so heavily polluted it is regarded as the city's eyesore. [256] Chennai is classified as a global city by GaWC, with a ranking of Beta[257] based on the extent of global reach and financial influence. [415][416] A cricket fast bowling academy called the MRF Pace Foundation, whose coaches include T. A. Sekhar and Glenn Mcgrath, is based in Chennai. AVIT is top Engineering Colleges in Chennai, Tamil Nadu offers UG, PG Research engineering programs Find more details about placement, admission, cut off, eligibility, etc Admission Open 2020 As per the guidelines from the University, the Final year classes will re-open from 7th December 2020 onwards at AVIT campus. Does pumpkin pie need to be refrigerated? The city also has a permanent exhibition complex in Nandambakkam called the Chennai Trade Centre. [135] Chennai has three parliamentary constituencies—Chennai North, Chennai Central and Chennai South—and elects 24 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) to the state legislature. [367], As of 2019, the city corporation maintains about 471 bus route roads and 33,0000 interior roads. project to take city's green cover to 20%", "Chennai Corporation to celebrate 320 years", "Scope of digital mapping exercise in city likely to be enlarged", "Expanded Chennai Corporationto be divided into 3 regions", "Indecisiveness keeps urban projects on hold", "Government of Tamil Nadu: Home Department: Department of Justice", "City police await notification on extending Commissionerate's jurisdiction", "Despite rising population, number of police", "Triplicane police station gets bigger with more area, men", "150-yr-old Central prison closed for good", "Language issue again: the need for a clear-headed policy", Theosophy and the Origins of the Indian National Congress, "India's biggest desalination plant opens in Chennai", "IVRCL to set up desalination plant near Chennai", "Preliminary work on desalination plant to be completed by December-end", "No response from firms to build toilets", "From Feb 24, use public toilets for free, says mayor", "Residents to soon have free use of community halls", "New firm to begin conservancy work next week", "New garbage collection, street cleaning mechanism", "Cluster-based solid waste mgmt may ease pressure on dump yards", "Emergency and Utility Services Contact Details at Chennai", "Iconic General Post Office to finally get a makeover", "Agraharam – time virtually stands still here", "No fire safety norms at Chennai heritage buildings", "A Tradition Created: Indo-Saracenic Architecture under the Raj", "Doppler radar may put cap on building heights", "Living in a city within a city: How is SPR City redefining the residential market? The Indian Army's Officers Training Academy is also headquartered in the city. [93] Owing to the geotectonic zone the city falls in, the city is considered a potential geothermal energy site. The southern stretch of Chennai's coast from Tiruvanmiyur to Neelangarai are favoured by the endangered olive ridley sea turtles to lay eggs every winter. English is spoken largely by white-collar workers,[201] often mixed into Tamil. It has given AVERAGE 91% placement. [38] However, it is uncertain whether the name was in use before the arrival of Europeans. [195][196][197] According to 2011 census, the city had a population of 4,646,732, within the area administered by the Municipal Corporation;[198] that had 11 lakh households, with 51% of them living in rented houses. Awita.. Według danych na rok 1990 gminę zamieszkiwało 135 osób, a gęstość zaludnienia wynosiła 28 osób/km² (wśród 3020 gmin regionu Midi-Pireneje Saint-Avit plasuje się na 928. miejscu … Indicem communium praefecturae Aegirtii; Lady Lawley Cottage (Western Australian Red Cross) 2008 iBooks, Sir Arthur Lawley's Photo Album, Empire and Commonwealth Museum, fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in India, 36th-largest urban area by population in the world, Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority, Chennai MetroWater Supply and Sewage Board, fourth- to sixth-most productive metro area, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, seven government-owned transport corporations, List of Tamil-language television channels, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, 1987,1996 and 2011 ICC Cricket World Cups, List of twin towns and sister cities in India, "Chennai Expansion Could Be Tricky, Suggests History", "India Stats: Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011", "Chennai Corporation is re-christened Greater Chennai Corporation", "Tamil Nādu (India): State, Major Agglomerations & Cities – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts", "India's top 15 cities with the highest GDP Photos Yahoo! [231], Chennai is a major centre for music, art and culture in India. [170], The Chennai City region has 568 post offices, of which nearly 460 operate from rented premises. [303] As of 2018, the city topped in broadband speed among Indian cities, with a recorded download speed of 32.67 Mbit/s. Español 1 645 000+ artículos. Panowania Władcy go zaczynały doprowadzać do szału, więc wymyślił plan ucieczki z wyspy. [406] The Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras) and the College of Engineering, Guindy, Anna University are two well-known centres for engineering education in the city. According to the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Pallavaram was a megalithic cultural establishment, and pre-historic communities resided in the settlement. [179], The construction of the National Art Gallery in Madras was completed in 1909. [232] The city is known for its classical dance shows. [91] Of the 24.87 km coastline of the city, 3.08 km experiences erosion, with sand accretion along the shoreline can be noticed at the Marina beach and the area between the Ennore Port and Kosasthalaiyar river. [355], The Chennai International Airport is the fourth-busiest in India in terms of passenger traffic behind New Delhi, Mumbai and Bengaluru. In the suburbs of Chennai located in Tiruvallur and Kancheepuram districts, the figures of vacant houses 56,000 and 71,000, respectively. Chennai has two CSIR research institutions namely Central Leather Research Institute and Structural Engineering Research Centre. [291] The Chennai office handles corporate financial, accounting, administrative and IT services of the bank, in addition to several value-added operations of the bank that were earlier handled only in its Washington, DC office, including the bank's analytical work in bond valuation which is estimated to be US$100 billion. Avitus gave his name to the … [246] The Tidel Park in Chennai was billed as Asia's largest IT park when it was built. [289] The city is home to the south zonal office of the Reserve Bank of India, the country's central bank, along with its zonal training centre and Reserve Bank Staff College, one of the two colleges of the bank. [171], With the history of many neighbourhoods of the city such as Mylapore, Triplicane, and Tiruvanmiyur antedating that of the city, the architecture of Chennai ranges in a wide chronology. Madras Boat Club (founded in 1846) and the Royal Madras Yacht Club (founded by Sir Francis Spring in 1911) promote the sailing sports in Chennai, and organise national and international sailing events. [15][16] Chennai has the fifth-largest urban economy of India. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. [174], With the advent of the Mugals and the British, the city saw a rise in a blend of Hindu, Islamic and Gothic revival styles, resulting in the distinct Indo-Saracenic architecture. ^ Omari, Anila (2012), "avit", in Marrëdhëniet gjuhësore shqiptaro-serbe, Tirana, Albania: Kristalina KH, page 95-96 An earlier estimate shows that there is a need to generate about 420,000 units for low-income groups by 2016. Guindy National Park, a protected area of Tamil Nadu, has a children's park and a snake park, which gained statutory recognition as a medium zoo from the Central Zoo Authority of India in 1995. [324] About 830,620 domestic tourists arrived in Chennai in March 2011. [380][381], Newspaper publishing started in Chennai with the launch of a weekly, The Madras Courier, in 1785. Cyclones in the Bay of Bengal sometimes hit the city. [429], Previous world chess champion Viswanathan Anand grew up in Chennai. [9] Chennai has a broad industrial base in the automobile, computer, technology, hardware manufacturing and healthcare sectors. When did organ music become associated with baseball? [239] An important cultural centre for Bharata Natyam is Kalakshetra, on the beach in the south of the city. [330] Chennai's expansive theatre network stages many Tamil plays of many genres: political satire, slapstick comedy, history, mythology and drama. [72], After India gained its independence in 1947, the city became the capital of Madras State, which was renamed as Tamil Nadu in 1969. [273] Telecom giants Ericsson and Alcatel-Lucent, pharmaceuticals giant Pfizer and chemicals giant Dow Chemicals have research and development facilities in Chennai. [6], As of 2019, 712,000 families live below poverty line, which is about 40 percent of the 1.788 million families in the city. [56][57] The region was then formerly a fishing village known as "Madraspatnam". 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