[54], The EXCOMM then discussed the effect on the strategic balance of power, both political and military. [136] The President also claimed that he thought the crisis would result in direct military confrontations in Berlin by the end of the next month. [91] Throughout the closing stages of October, Soviet telegrams were typically rushed and showed signs of immense pressure. At 6:45 pm EDT, news of Fomin's offer to Scali was finally heard and was interpreted as a "set up" for the arrival of Khrushchev's letter. [136] He also claimed in his conversation with Eisenhower that the Soviet leader had offered to withdraw from Cuba in exchange for the withdrawal of missiles from Turkey and that while the Kennedy Administration had agreed not to invade Cuba,[136] they were only in process of determining Khrushchev's offer to withdraw from Turkey. In the beginning Fidel Castro had been a capitalist, but when Washington failed to send him financial aid he went to the Russians, who were glad to prop up his government. The Cuban Missile Crisis was the considered to be the high point of what came to be known as the Cold War because of the following reasons. Nine days later, a Taiwanese-operated U-2[39][40] was lost over western China to an SA-2 surface-to-air missile. The result of the Cuban Missile Crisis was an increasing buildup of nuclear weapons that continued until the end of the Cold War. However, it was decided that this would not be the best choice because as a result, the Soviets may attack the United States. "[3]:10 The half-hearted invasion left Soviet first secretary Nikita Khrushchev and his advisers with the impression that Kennedy was indecisive and, as one Soviet adviser wrote, "too young, intellectual, not prepared well for decision making in crisis situations... too intelligent and too weak". The Cuban Missile Crisis, October 1962 . [64] Additionally, legal experts at the State Department and Justice Department concluded that a declaration of war could be avoided if another legal justification, based on the Rio Treaty for defence of the Western Hemisphere, was obtained from a resolution by a two-thirds vote from the members of the Organization of American States (OAS).[65]. Secretly, the United States agreed that it would dismantle all US-built Jupiter MRBMs, which had been deployed in Turkey against the Soviet Union; there has been debate on whether or not Italy was included in the agreement as well. It was a tense standoff between the United States and the Soviet Union that almost led to nuclear war. According to another source, Castro objected to the missiles deployment that would have made him look like a Soviet puppet, but he was persuaded that missiles in Cuba would be an irritant to the US and help the interests of the entire socialist camp. John Swift | Published in History Review Issue 57 March 2007. Dallek, Robert. The Kennedy administration had been publicly embarrassed by the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion in April 1961, which had been launched under President John F. Kennedy by CIA-trained forces of Cuban exiles. [88] The first indication of this came from a report from the British GCHQ sent to the White House Situation Room containing intercepted communications from Soviet ships reporting their positions. But they readied themselves to launch torpedoes. [155], Schlesinger, a historian and adviser to Kennedy, told National Public Radio in an interview on October 16, 2002 that Castro did not want the missiles, but Khrushchev pressured Castro to accept them. Back on Tinian, LeMay thought the use of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs, although certainly larger than all other weapons used, were really not all that different from other bombs. 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